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There maybe a time that you need to convert the value of an NSString to NSData.

Please Note that this tutorial requires that you have a beginners knowledge of objective-c

This is achieved rather easily. Simply:


NSString* str = @"teststring";
NSData* data = [str dataUsingEncoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding];

Please bear in mind that converting NSString like so will force a trailing \0 byte, which means NSJSONSerialization:JSONObjectWithData and others will fail unless you remove it, so just do this:


data = [data subdataWithRange:NSMakeRange(0, [data length] - 1)];

Then you may proceed to: NSJSONSerialization:JSONObjectWithData

Converting NSData to NSString

If the data is not null-terminated, you should use -initWithData:encoding:


NSString* newStr = [[[NSString alloc] initWithData:theData
                                         encoding:NSUTF8StringEncoding] autorelease];

If the data is null-terminated, you should instead use -stringWithUTF8String: to avoid the extra \0 at the end.

NSString* newStr = [NSString stringWithUTF8String:[theData bytes]];

Note: If you have ARC enabled, remove the -autorelease call.

Its, important to keep a note of the Encoding supported by NSString, these are:


enum {
    NSASCIIStringEncoding = 1,      /* 0..127 only */
    NSNEXTSTEPStringEncoding = 2,
    NSJapaneseEUCStringEncoding = 3,
    NSUTF8StringEncoding = 4,
    NSISOLatin1StringEncoding = 5,
    NSSymbolStringEncoding = 6,
    NSNonLossyASCIIStringEncoding = 7,
    NSShiftJISStringEncoding = 8,          /* kCFStringEncodingDOSJapanese */
    NSISOLatin2StringEncoding = 9,
    NSUnicodeStringEncoding = 10,
    NSWindowsCP1251StringEncoding = 11,    /* Cyrillic; same as AdobeStandardCyrillic */
    NSWindowsCP1252StringEncoding = 12,    /* WinLatin1 */
    NSWindowsCP1253StringEncoding = 13,    /* Greek */
    NSWindowsCP1254StringEncoding = 14,    /* Turkish */
    NSWindowsCP1250StringEncoding = 15,    /* WinLatin2 */
    NSISO2022JPStringEncoding = 21,        /* ISO 2022 Japanese encoding for e-mail */
    NSMacOSRomanStringEncoding = 30,
 
    NSUTF16StringEncoding = NSUnicodeStringEncoding,      /* An alias for NSUnicodeStringEncoding */
 
    NSUTF16BigEndianStringEncoding = 0x90000100,          /* NSUTF16StringEncoding encoding with explicit endianness specified */
    NSUTF16LittleEndianStringEncoding = 0x94000100,       /* NSUTF16StringEncoding encoding with explicit endianness specified */
 
    NSUTF32StringEncoding = 0x8c000100,                   
    NSUTF32BigEndianStringEncoding = 0x98000100,          /* NSUTF32StringEncoding encoding with explicit endianness specified */
    NSUTF32LittleEndianStringEncoding = 0x9c000100        /* NSUTF32StringEncoding encoding with explicit endianness specified */
};

NSASCIIStringEncoding is used to convert ASCII data. NSUTF8StringEncoding is used to convert UTF-8 data.

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